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Annales Cambriae 447-956

The value of this version is that I have merged two Wikipedia files: Annales_Cambriae A-text taken from AnnalesCambriae (pdf from original printed in Y Cymmrodor Vol 9) and Welsh Annals in Wikisource and adjusted the starting date by plus two years to correct the mistake of the Easter date of entry (a9) being 453, but this has since been shown to be 455. A more detailed discussion of the different versions can be found in Annales Cambriae : John Williams (1860).
This calendar was set up with a row for each year and the check was a roman numeral every ten (Thus when there were too many or too less they could be adjusted.) These are shown in the first column for the A-text. The starting point was unknown, however two set points could be made at position (a9) 455: Easter altered on the Lord's Day by Pope Leo, Bishop of Rome (440-461) and this position is verified by (a151) 597: The death of Columba given in his Vita written by Adomnan. Also, "Days dark as night" corresponds to an eclipse in Germany. (Verification dates in yellow.)
(The text enclosed within the "‡" symbols are entries which are not found in the A-text, but which appear in a later version.)
(Important King Arthur set points are in green background. )(NASA Astronomical Calculation in black.)
NASA Calculation447Total Eclipse visible in Wiesbaden; Frankfurt Dec. 23 (14:46:39 - 14:48:43)
[fo. 190a] [col. 1.] (a1) an’ 447 ‡ Days as dark as night.‡
Calculation451Halley's Comet June 28
(a2) an’ (a3) an’ (a4) an’ (a5) an’ (a6) an’ (a7) an’ (a8) an’ (a9) an’. 455 Easter altered on the Lord's Day by Pope Leo, Bishop of Rome.
(a10) an’. x . 456 St. Brigid is born.
NASA Calculation458Total Eclipse visible in Birmingham May 28 (11:19:00 - 11:21:15)
(a11) an’ (a12) an’ (a13) an’ 459 St. Patrick goes to the Lord.
See the Annals of Ulster for the reasoning that shows this Patrick to be Palladius with Patrick dieing in 491.
(a14) an’ 460 St. David is born in the thirtieth year after Patrick left Menevia.
This date is not possible as the Life of St. Paul Aurelian says that David was a fellow-disciple with Paul, Samson and Gildas under their teacher St. Illtud and St Paul was born in 487. The explanation for this mistake is that after writing the death of St. Patrick, a previous compiler wrote a note from the information used in Rhygyvarch's Life of St David that Patrick regretted that God would not allow him to found Menevia, but that rather David would accomplish this 30 years later. This note then shows David to be born in 489 (459+30). See Reconstructing the Life of St. David
(a15) an’ (a16) an’ (a17) an’ (a18) an’ (a19) an’ (a20) an’. xx . (a21) an’ (a22) an’ (a23) an’ (a24) an’ 470 The death of Bishop Benignus.
Albert Le Grande's Lives of Saints of Brittany482 Birth of St. Armel (Arthmael) in Cowbridge, Glamorgan, Wales
(Birth of Arthur)
(a25) an’ (a26) an’ (a27) an’ (a28) an’ (a29) an’ [col. 2.] (a30) an’. xxx . (a31) an’ (a32) an’ (a33) an’ (a34) an’ (a35) an’ (a36) an’ (a37) an’ (a38) an’ (a39) an’ (a40) an’. xl . (a41) an’ (a42) an’ (a43) an’ (a44) an’ (a45) an’ (a46) an’ (a47) an’ (a48) an’ (a49) an’. l . (one year too few between years xl and l) (a50) an’ (a51) an’ (a52) an’ (a53) an’ (a54) an’ (a55) an’ (a56) an’ 503 Bishop Ebur rests in Christ, he was 350 years old.
Catalog of Comets. Manilius by Sherburne
footnote & Henry of Huntington has 503
504Comet
NASA Calculation map
Merlyn, having predicted the eclipse using the Stonehenge calculator, takes Arthur to Ireland. Seeing the eclipse, Merlyn says, "O irreparable loss! O distressed people of Britain! Alas! the illustrious prince is departed! The renowned king of the Britons, Aurelius Ambrosius, is dead!" (G.M.) (Ambrosius dies in 508.) However, Arthur sees strength in the eclipse, calling himself the 'mab uter', 'the son of terrible to behold', the Pendragon (head of the dragon). He will head of the forces of the red dragon who, in Merlyn's prediction, will defeat the white dragon of the Saxons.
507Annular Eclipse visible in Dublin; Birmingham Mar 29 (13:36:21 - 13:42:23): Caput Draconis, the dragon's head, Pendragon, Pen Ddraig (welsh): sun must be in the position of the moon's node for an eclipse
(a57) an’ (a58) an’ (a59) an’. lx . (a60) an’ (a61) an’ (a62) an’ (a63) an’ [col. 3.] (a64) an’ (a65) an’ (a66) an’ (a67) an’ (a68) an’ (a69) an’ (a70) an’. lxx . (one too many years between years lx and lxx) (a71) an’. (a72) an’ 518 The Battle of Badon, in which Arthur carried the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ for three days and three nights on his shoulders and the Britons were the victors.
(a73) an’ (a74) an’ (a75) an’ (a76) an’ (a77) an’ 523 St. Columba is born. The death of St. Brigid.
Calculation530Halley's Comet Sept 27
NASA Calculation536Annular Eclipse visible in Cardiff Sept. 1 (12:49:03 - 12:53:46)
(a78) an’ (a79) an’ (a80) an’. lxxx . (a81) an’ (a82) an’ (a83) an’ (a84) an’ (a85) an’ (a86) an’ (a87) an’ (a88) an’ (a89) an’ (a90) an’. xc . (a91) an’ (a92) an’ (a93) an’ 539 The battle of Camlann, in which Arthur and Medraut fell: and there was plague in Britain and Ireland.
NASA Calculation540Total Eclipse visible in Rome Jun 20 (08:48:16 - 08:51:06)
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: This year the sun was eclipsed on the twelfth day before the calends of July; and the stars showed themselves full nigh half an hour over nine.
(a94) an’. (a95) an’. (a96) an’. (a97) an’. (a98) an’. (a99) an’. (a100) an’. c . 546 The sleep [death] of Ciaran.
(a101) an’. (a102) an’. (a103) an’. 549 The great death [plague] in which Maelgwn, king of Gwynedd died. ‡Thus they say 'The long sleep of Maelgwn in the court of Rhos'. Then was the yellow plague.‡
(a104) an’. (a105) an’. (a106) an’. (a107) an’. (a108) an’. (a109) an’. (a110) an’. cx . (a111) an’. (a112) an’. (a113) an’. (a114) an’. 560 The death of Gabrán, son of Dungart.
(a115) an’. (a116) an’. (a117) an’. (a118) an’ 564 Columba went to Britain.
(a119) an’ (a120) an’ cxx . (a121) an’ 567 ‡The voyage of Gildas to Ireland.‡
(a122) an’ (a123) an’ (a124) an’ (a125) an’ 571 ‡The 'Synod of Victory' was held between the Britons.‡
(a126) an’. 572 Gildas ‡wisest of Britons‡ died.
The Annals of Tigernach has 569 "Ite Cluana Credil Gillasque."
(a127) an’ (a128) an’ (a129) an’ 575 The battle of Arfderydd ‡between the sons of Eliffer and Gwenddolau son of Ceidio [Triad 72 (6) bull protector]; in which battle Gwenddolau fell
[Triad 80 (29) his faithful warband continued to fight
Triad 50 (84) one of the futile battles of the Island of Britain because of a lark's nest.];
Merlin went mad.Triad 125 (87) Myrddin Wyllt son of St. Madog Morvryn
(a130) an’ cxxx . 576 The sleep [death] of Brendan of Birr.
(a131) an’ (a132) an’. (a133) an’ (a134) an’ (a135) an’ (a136) an’ 582 Gwrgi and Peredur ‡sons of Elifert‡ died. [Triad 81 (30): deserted by their faithless warband.]
(a137) an’ (a138) an’. (a139) an’ (a140) an’. cxl . 586 Battle against the Isle of Man and the burial of Daniel of the Bangors.
(a141) an’. [col. 3.] (a142) an’ (a143) an’ (a144) an’ (a145) an’. 591 The conversion of Constantine [king of Britain] to the Lord. [See Constantine of Dumnonia (Devon) thus Cystennin Goneau (Cornish) the son of Cador who was Arthur's ally. St. Petroc converted him in his old age.]
NASA Calculation594Total Eclipse visible in Dublin; Edinburgh July 23 (06:11:41 - 06:14:43)
(a146) an’ (a147) an’ (a148) an’ (a149) an’ (a150) an’. cl . 596 ‡Aethelbert reigned in England.‡
(a151) an’ 597 The death of Columba. The death of king Dunod (Dunawd) ‡son of Pabo (Pabo Post Prydain) .‡ Augustine and Mellitus converted the English to Christ.

St. Columba's death is 594 in the Annals of Ulster.
(a152) an’ (a153) an’ (a154) an’ (a155) an’ (a156) an’ (a157) an’. 603 The synod of Urbs Legionis [Chester]. Gregory died in Christ and also bishop David of Moni Iudeorum.
The death of David at 603 is clearly wrong as consensus is at least 589 i.e. 589 Annals of Inisfallen: Repose of David of Cell Muine; 589 Chronicon Scotorum: Dauid Cille Muine; 587 Annals of Tigernach: Dabid Cille Muni obit.
Pope Gregory died in 604.
Calculation607Halley's Comet March 15
(a158) an’ (a159) an’ (a160) an’. clx . (a161) an’ (a162) an’. 608 The burial of bishop Cynog.
(a163) an’ 609 The death of Aidan son of Gabrán
(a164) an’ (a165) an’ (a166) an’ (a167) an’ [col. 4.] (a168) an’ (a169) an’. 614 The death of Kentigern and bishop Dyfrig.
(a170) an’. 615 The battle of Caer Legion [Chester]. And there died Selyf son of Cynan. And Iago son of Beli slept [died].
(a171) an’. clxx . (one too many years between clx and clxx) (a172) an’ (a173) an’ 618 Ceredig died.
(a174) an’. 619 Edwin begins his reign.
(a175) an’ (a176) an’ (a177) an’ (a178) an’ (a179) an’ (a180) an’ (a181) an’. clxxx . 626 The sun is covered.
See astronomical eclipse in 639 as the only other one close is in North Africa out of the Roman Empire. Possibly a volcanic eruption.
(a182) an’. (a183) an’. 628 Edwin is baptized, and Rhun son of Urien baptized him.
(a184) an’. 629 Belin dies.
(a185) an’. (a186) an’. 631 The beseiging of king Cadwallon in the island of Glannauc.
(a187) an’. 632 Gwyddgar comes and does not return. On the Kalends of January the battle of Meigen; and there [fo. 191a] [col. 1.] Edwin was killed with his two sons; but Cadwallon was the victor.
(a188) an’. [631] 633 The battle of Cantscaul in which Cadwallon fell.
(a189) an’. 634 The slaughter of the [river] Severn and the death of Idris.
NASA Calculation639Total Eclipse visible in Coventry Sep 03 (05:40:220 - 5:41:38)
(a190) an’. (a191) an’. cxc . (a192) an’. (a193) an’. (a194) an’. (a195) an’. (a196) an’. (a197) an’. (a198) an’. (a199) an’. (a200) an’. (a201) an’. cc . 646 The battle of Cogfry in which Oswald king of the Northmen and Eawa king of the Mercians fell.
(a202) an’. 647 The hammering of the region of Dyfed, when the monastery of David was burnt.
(a203) an’. (a204) an’. (a205) an’. (a206) an’. 651 ‡Slaughter in Gwent.‡
(a207) an’. 652 The rising of a star.
(a208) an’. (a209) an’. (a210) an’. [col. 2.] (a211) an’ cc.x . (a212) an’ (a213) an’. 658 The slaughter of Campus Gaius.
(a214) an’. 659 Penda killed.
(a215) an’. 660 Oswy came and took plunder.
NASA Calculation661Annular Eclipse visible in Glasgow July 02 (4:57:28 - 4:59:30)
(a216) an’. (a217) an’. (a218) an’. 663 Cummine the tall died.
(a219) an’. 664 Brocmail ‡the tusked ‡ dies.
(a220) an’ (a221) an’. cc.xx . (a222) an’. 667 The first celebration of Easter among the Saxons. The second battle of Badon. Morgan dies.
(a223) an’. (a224) an’ (a225) an’ (a226) an’ 671 Oswy, king of the Saxons, dies.
(a227) an’. (a228) an’. (a229) an’. (a230) an’. (a231) an’. (one too many years between cc.xx and ccxxx) (a232) an’. ccxxx . (a233) an’. (a234) an’. 678 A star of marvelous brightness was seen shining throughout the whole world.
See Halley's Comet in 684
Calculation684Halley's Comet Oct. 2
(a235) an’. (a236) an’. [col. 3.] (a237) an’. (a238) an’. (a239) an’. (a240) an’. 684 A great plague in Britain, in which Cadwaladr son of Cadwallon dies.
(a241) an’. 685 A plague ‡was‡ in Ireland.
(a242) an’. ccxl . 686 A great earthquake in the Isle of Man.
(a243) an’. (a244) an’. (a245) an’. (a246) an’. (a247) an’. 691 The rain turned to blood in Britain, and ‡in Ireland‡ milk and butter turned to blood.
NASA Calculation698Annular Eclipse visible in London Dec 08 (10:38:16 - 10:45:02)
(a248) an’. (a249) an’. (a250) an’. (a251) an’. (a252) an’. ccl . (a253) an’. (a254) an’. (a255) an’. (a256) an’. (a257) an’. (a258) an’. (a259) an’. (a260) an’. (a261) an’. (a262) an’. (one too many years between ccl and cclx) (a263) an’. cclx 706 Aldfrith king of the Saxons [king of Northumbria] died. The sleep of Adomnán.
(a264) an’. (a265) an’. [fo. 191b] [col. 1.] (a266) an’. (a267) an’. (a268) an’. (a269) an’. (a270) an’. (a271) an’. (a272) an’. (a273) an’. cc.lxx 716 Night was as bright as day. Pepin the elder [actually Pepin II, of Heristal], king of the Franks, died in Christ.
an’. (a275) an’. (a276) an’. 719 Osred king of the Saxons dies.
(a277) an’. 720 The consecration of the church of the archangel Michael ‡on mount Gargano.‡
(a278) an’. (a279) an’. (a280) an’ 722 A hot summer.
(a281) an’. 724 Beli son of Elffin dies. And the battle of Hehil among the Cornish, the battle of Garth Maelog, the battle of Pencon among the south Britons, and the Britons were the victors in those three battles.
(a282) an’. (a283) an’. cclxxx (a284) an’. (a285) an’. (a286) an’. (a287) an’. 730 The battle of mount Carno.
(a288) an’. [col. 2.] (a289) an’. (a290) an’. (a291) an’. (a292) an’. (a293) an’. (one too many years between cclxxx and ccxc) (a294) an’. ccxc (Phillimore's [A.D.] dates skip a year between (287) and (295)) (a295) an’. 737 Bede the priest sleeps.
(a296) an’. 738 Oengus king of the Picts died.
(a297) an’. (a298) an’. (a299) an’. (a300) an’. (a301) an’. (a302) an’. (a303) an’. (a304) an’. ccc (a305) an’. (a306) an’. (a307) an’. (a308) an’. (a309) an’. (a310) an’. 752 Battle between the Picts and the Briton, that is the battle of Mocetauc. And their king Talorgan is killed by the Britions.
(a311) an’. (a312) an’. (a313) an’. (a314) an’. cccx 756 Rhodri king of the Britons dies.
(a315) an’. (a316) an’. (317) an’. 759 Ethelbalk king of the Saxons dies.
Calculation760Halley's Comet May 20
[col. 3.] (a318) an’. (a319) an’. (a320) an’. 762 A battle between the Britons and the Saxons, that is the battle of Hereford and Dyfnwal son of Tewdwr dies.
(a321) an’. (a322) an’. (a323) an’. (a324) an’. cccxx . (a325) an’. (a326) an’. (a327) an’. (a328) an’. 770 Easter is changed among the Britons ‡on the Lord's day ‡, Elfoddw, servant of God, emending it.
(a329) an’. (a330) an’. (a331) an’. (a332) an’. (a333) an’. (a334) an’. ccc.xxx (a335) an’. 777 Ffernfael (grand?) son of Ithael dies.
(a336) an’. 778 Cinaed king of the Picts dies.
(a337) an’. 779 Abbot Cuthbert dies.
(a338) an’. 780 The devastation of the South Britons by Offa.
(a339) an’. (a340) an’. (a341) an’. (a342) an’. [fo. 192a] [col. 1.] (a343) an’. (a344) an’. cccxl . 786 The devastation of Britain by Offa in the summer.
(a345) an’. (a346) an’. (a347) an’. (a348) an’. (a349) an’. (a350) an’. (a357) an’.(a351) an’. (a352) an’. (a353) an’.(a354) an’. (a355) an’. ccc.l. (one too many years between cccxl and cccl) (a356) an’. 797 ‡Devastation by Rheinwg son of Offa ‡ The first coming of the gentiles [Norsemen] among the southern Irish.
(a357) an’. 798 Offa king of the Mercians and Maredudd king of the Demetians die, and the battle of Rhuddlan.
(a358) an’. (a359) an’. 800 Caradog king of Gwynedd is killed by the Saxons.
NASA Calculation807Annular Eclipse visible in Edinburgh Feb 11 (10:53:25 - 10:57:02)
(a360) an’. (a361) an’. (a362) an’. (a363) an’. (a364) an’. (a365) an’. ccc.lx . (a366) an’. (a367) an’. (a368) an’. 809 Arthen king of Ceredigion [col. 2.] dies. ‡Solar eclipse‡
See astronomical eclipse in 807
(a369) an’. 810 Rhain king of the Demetians and Cadell ‡king‡ of Powys die.
(a370) an’. 811 Elfoddw archbishop in the Gwynedd region went to the Lord.
(a371) an’. 812 ‡The moon covered ‡. Mynyw burnt. ‡Death of cattle in Britain.‡
See astronomical eclipse in 813
NASA Calculation813Total Lunar Eclipse Apr 19
(a372) an’. 813 Owain son of Maredudd dies.
(a373) an’. 814 The fortress of Degannwy is struck by lightning and burnt.
(a374) an’. 815 Battle between Hywel ‡and Cynan. Hywel‡ was the victor.
(a375) an’. (one too many years between ccclx and ccclxx) (a376) an’. ccc.lxx . 816 There was great thunder and it caused many fires. Tryffin son of Rhain died. And Gruffydd son of Cyngen is killed by treachery by his brother Elisedd after an interval of two months. Hywel triumphed over the island of Mona and he drove Cynan from there with a great loss of his own army.
(a377) an’ (a378) an’. 818 Hywel was again expelled [col. 3.] from Mona. Cynan the king dies. ‡Saxons invaded the mountains of Eryri and the kingdom of Rhufoniog‡.
(a379) an’. 819 The battle of Llan-faes.
(a380) an’. 820 ‡Cenwulf devastated the Dyfed region.‡
(a381) an’. (a382) an’. (a383) an’. (a384) an’. 824 The fortress of Degannwy is destroyed by the Saxons and they took the kingdom of Powys into their own control.
(a385) an’. (a386) an’. ccclxxx . (a387) an’. 827 Hywel dies.
NASA Calculation832Total Lunar Eclipse Oct 13
(a388) an’. (a389) an’. (a390) an’. (a391) an’. (a392) an’. (a393) an’. 833 ‡Lunar eclipse.‡ Laudent died and Sadyrnfyw Hael of Mynyw died.
See astronomical eclipse in 832
Calculation837Halley's Comet Feb. 28
(a394) an’ (a395) an’ (a396) an’. ccc.xc. (a397) an’ (a398) an’ (a399) an’ (a400) an’ (a401) an’ (a402) an’. 842 Nobis the bishop ruled Mynyw.
(a403) an’ (years (a403) & (a404) added P.S. by the scribe.See also years (a316) & (a317)) (a404) an’. 844 Idwallon dies.
(a405) an’. (a406) an’. cccc. 846 Merfyn dies. The battle of Cetill.
[fo. 192b] [col. 1.] (a407) an’. (a408) an’. (a409) an’. (a410) an’. 850 The battle of Ffinnant. Ithael king of Gwent was killed by the men of Brycheiniog.
(a411) an’. 851 Meurig was killed by Saxons.
(a412) an’. 852 Cynin is killed by the gentiles.
(a413) an’. (a414) an’. (a415) an’. 855 Mona laid waste by black gentiles.
(a416) an’. cccc.x. 856 Cynin king of Powia dies in Rome
(a417) an’ (a418) an’. 858 Kenneth king of the Picts died. And Jonathan prince of Abergele dies.
(a419) an’. (a420) an’. (a421) an’. (a422) an’. (a423) an’. (a424) an’. 862 Catgueithen was expelled.
(a425) an’ (a426) an’. cccc.xx. 866 Duda laid Glywysing waste.
a427) an’. 867 Cian of Nanhyfer died.
(a428) an’. 868 The city of York [col. 2.] was laid waste, that is the battle with the black gentiles.
(a429) an’. (a430) an’. (a431) an’. 871 The battle of Bryn Onnen.
a432) an’. 872 The fortress of Alt Clud was broken by the gentiles.
(a433) an’. 873 Gwgon king of Ceredigion was drowned.
(a434) an’ (a435) an’. 875 Nobis ‡the bishop‡ and Meurig die. The battle of Bannguolou.
(a436) an’. cccc.xxx. 876 ‡Llunferth the bishop consecrated.‡
(a437) an’. 877 Dungarth king of Cernyw ‡that is of the Cornish‡ was drowned.
(a438) an’. 878 The battle of Sunday in Mona.
(a439) an’. 879 Rhodri and his son Gwriad is killed by the Saxons.
(a440) an’. 880 Aed son of Neill dies.
(a441) an’. (a442) an’. 882 The battle of Conwy. Vengeance for Rhodri at God's hand. ‡The battle of Cynan.‡
(a443) an’. (a444) an’. 884 Catgueithen died.
(a445) an’. (a446) an’. cccc.xl. (a447) an’. 887 Hywel died in Rome.
(a448) an’. [col. 3.] (a449) an’. 889 Cerball died.
(a450) an’. (a451) an’. 891 Suibne the wisest of the Irish died.
(a452) an’. (a453) an’. (a454) an’. 894 Hyfaidd dies.
(a455) an’. (a456) an’. cccc.l. 896 Anarawd came with the Angles and laid waste Ceredigion and Ystrad Tywi.
(a457) an’. 897 The Northmen came and laid waste Lloegr and Bycheiniog and Gwent and Gwynllywiog.
(a458) an’. 898 ‡Bread failed in Ireland. Vermin like moles with two teeth fell from the air and ate everything up; they were driven out by fasting and prayer.‡
(a459) an’. (a460) an’. 900 ‡Athelstan king of the Saxons died.‡
(a461) an’. (a462) an’. 902 Alfred king of the Gewissi dies.
(a463) an’. (a464) an’. 904 Igmund came to Mona and took Maes Osfeilion.
(a465) an’. 905 ‡Merfyn son of Rhodri died and ‡ Llywarch son of Hyfaidd dies.
[fo. 193a] [col. 1.] (a466) an’. cccc.lx. 906 Rhodri ‡sone of Hyfaidd ‡ was beheaded in Arwystli.
(a467) an’. (a468) an’. 908 The battle of Dinmeir and Mynyw was broken.
(a469) an’. 909 ‡Bishop ‡ Gorchywyl dies ‡ and king Cormac‡.
(a470) an’. 910 ‡Bishop ‡ Asser died.
(a471) an’. 911 King Cadell son of Rhodri dies.
Calculation912Halley's Comet July 18
(a472) an’. (a473) an’. (a474) an’. (a475) an’. [913] 915 Ohter comes ‡to Britain‡.
(a476) an’.cccc.lxx. (a477) an’. 917 Anarawd king ‡of the Britons‡ dies.
(a478) an’. (a479) an’. 919 Queen Aethelflaed died.
(a480) an’. (a481) an’. 921 King Clydog was killed.
(a482) an’. (a483) an’ 923 The battle of Dinas Newydd.
(a484) an’. (a485) an’. (a486) an’.cccc.lxxx. (a487) an’. (a488) an’. (a489) an’. (a490) an’. 930 Hywel journeyed to Rome. ‡Helen died.‡
(a491) an’. (a492) an’. [col. 2.] (a493) an’. (a494) an’. (a495) an’. (a496) an’. cccc.xc. (a497) an’. 937 ‡Gruffydd son of Owain died.‡
(a498) an’. (a499) an’. (a500) an’. 940 The battle of Brune.
(a501) an’. 941 Hyfaidd son of Clydog, and Meurig, died.
(a502) an’. (a503) an’. 943 Aethelstan ‡king of the Saxons‡ died.
(a504) an’. (a505) an’. 944 King Afloeg dies.
(a506) an’. 945 Cadell son of Arthfael was poisoned. And Idwal ‡son of Rhodri ‡ and his son Elisedd are killed by the Saxons.
(a507) an.’. d . 946 Llunferth bishop in Mynyw died.
(a508) an’. 947 ‡Bishop Morlais died.‡
(a509) an’. 948 Cyngen son of Elisedd was poisoned. And Eneuris bishop in Mynyw died. And strathclyde was laid wasted by the Saxons.
(a510) an’. 949 Edmund king of the Saxons was killed.
(a511) an’. (a512) an’. (a513) an’. 952 Hywel king of the Britons [col. 3.] ‡called the Good‡ died.
(a514) an’. 953 And Cadwgan son of Owain is killed by the Saxons. And the battle of Carno ‡between the sons of Hywel and the sons of Idwal‡.
(a515) an’. 954 ‡Iago and Idwal the sons of Idwal laid Dyfed waste.‡
(a516) an’. (a517) an’. dx . 956 Rhodri son of Hywel dies.
(a518) an’. (a519) an’. (a520) an’. (a521) an’. (a522) an’. (a523) an’ (a524) an’. (a525) an’ (a526) an’ (a527) an’. dxx . (a528) an’ (a529) an’ (a530) an’ (a531) an’ (a532) an’ (a533) an’ (a534) an’. (a535) an’. (a536) an’. (a537) an’. dxxx . (a538) an’. (a539) an’ (a540) an’. 979 (the third year after year dxxx, i.e. year 533)

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